South Africa has dismantled its nuclear defense programme. Libya has dismantled its nuclear programme. There are no nations on the African continent with a capacity for nuclear weapon development or delivery aside from these nations. The continent remains surrounded, however, by hostile forces armed with nuclear weapons.Perhaps the prospect of US military engagements (to secure emerging oil markets) is most daunting. While African nations continue to wrestle with conventional military solutions and security failures in Rwanda, the Congo, and the Sudan, other nations continue to progress toward deterrent defense policies.
At some point, African nations will have to reconcile themselves to the notion of defending themselves on their own terms. If nuclear capacity is acceptable to the leadership of the United States, western Europe, China, Pakistan, India and Israel, there has to be some reckoning about those same tools on the continent. The tactical use of those weapons is less important than establishing a viable stockpile. If African natural resources can provide the basis for American nukes, processed resources should be able to do the same for those who continue to languish for want of a stronger negotiating position.
The Libyan example will be instructive for the Iraqis and the North Koreans. Will it be instructive for the Africans?