According to Professor Asa Hilliard, the seven tactics that were decisive in the success of the Civil Rights Movement were:
Moral Suasion: the strategic use of guilt to generate moral behavior;
Litigation: the directed use of lawsuits to challenge the standing of Jim Crow;
Civil Disobedience: use of collective non-violent action to disrupt state activity;
Economic Boycott: use of collective non-violent action to disrupt private activity;
Grassroots Organizing: rural and urban strategies to build mass movement;
Solicitation of Corporate Sponsors: use of private organization to fund political activities;
Use of Television: the first movement to coincide with the rise of mass media.
Of course, most of these tactics are commonly used by groups at the far left and the far right. I’m wondering, though, what new tactics are required for a 21st century movement which may or may not frame civil rights as a means to fulfill an incomplete agenda? Some of the “big ticket” items like residential segregation, hyper-unemployment, crime and access to capital and credit remain as significant hurdles. Nonetheless, it seems to me that the descendants of the architects of the CRM have the material means to address the unfinished agenda. How to?